A cystocele is a condition occurs to women when the wall between bladder and her vagina weakens and allow the bladder to droop into the vagina. This condition may a source of discomfort and problems with emptying the bladder. A bladder which is dropped from its original position may cause two kinds of problems that are:

  • Unwanted urine leakage

  • Incomplete emptying of the bladder.

In some women, a fallen bladder stretch the gap into the urethra, that will cause urine leakage when the woman laughs, coughs, sneezes or moves any way that will keeps pressure on the bladder.


The symptoms of a cystocele may includes:

  • a vaginal bulge

  • the feeling that something is falling out of the vagina

  • the sensation of pelvic heaviness or fullness

  • frequent or urgent urination

  • difficulty starting a urine stream

  • a feeling of incomplete urination

Women who have a cystocele will also leak some amount of urine, as a effect of movements that put pressure on the bladder it is called stress urinary incontinence.


Possible causes of anterior prolapse include:

  • Pregnancy and vaginal childbirth

  • Repeated heavy lifting

  • Being overweight or obese

  • A chronic cough or bronchitis

  • Straining with bowel movements


A doctor may be able to diagnose grade 2 or 3 grade cystocele from the type of symptoms and since physical examination of the vagina, because to visualize the fallen part of the bladder. Other diagnosis tests may be done to find out or rule out the problems in other parts of the urinary system that are voiding cystourethrogram is a x-ray examination of the bladder use to diagnose a cystocele as well. A woman gets a voiding cystourethrogram while urinating. The x-ray picture will shows the shape of the woman’s bladder and doctor will see if there is any problem that are blocking normal urine flow. An x-ray technician will performs a voiding cystourethrogram, and a radiologist will interprets the images.