Cystoscopy is also called as cystourethroscopy it is a procedure that lets urologist to view the bladder and urethra inside in detail. The cystoscope has lenses mostly they will look similarly as a telescope or microscope. These lenses will help the doctor to observe the inside of the urinary tract. Some cystoscopes uses optical fibres (flexible glass fibres) that will transmit an image from the tip of the instrument to a view the piece at another end. Cystoscopes vary from pediatric to adult and size vary like thickness of a pencil roughly around 9mm and at the tip there will be a light. Many cystoscopes have additional tubes to direct other instruments for surgical treatment to treat many urinary problems.


  • Patients who are undergoing ureteroscopy may undergo a spinal or general anesthesia.

  • Initially physician will carefully insert the tip of the cystoscope into the urethra and carefully glide it up into the bladder.

  • This procedure may be more painful for men compared to women because of the length and narrow diameter of the urethra in males. Relaxing of the pelvic muscles helps helps this part of to test easier.

  • A sterile liquid it may be water, saline, or glycine solution that will pass through the cystoscope slowly to fill the bladder and stretch it, so that the doctor will have a better view of the bladder wall.

  • As the bladder reaches certain capacity, patients typically may feel mild discomfort and urge to urinate.

  • From the time of introducing the cystoscope to the removal can take only some minutes, or it may take more time if the doctor finds a stone and intended to take away it, or in some cases where biopsy is necessary.

  • Taking a biopsy (but taking a small tissue for a microscopic examination) will also make the procedure last longer. In most cases, the complete examination may include preparation and it will take 15 to 20 minutes.