bladder pain syndrome (BPS)is also called as Interstitial cystitis (IC)/ is a chronic bladder medical issue. It was a feeling of pressure and pain in the bladder area. Along with this pain there will be symptoms related to lower urinary tract which will last more than 6 weeks, with no infections or other clear causes.

Basically bladder is hollow, muscular organ that will stores urine. Bladder will expand till it’s full and then gives signals to your brain that it’s time to pass urine, by communicating with the help of the pelvic nerves. This creates urge to urinate for most of the people. People with interstitial cystitis, these signals will mix up and you feel to urinate more frequently with small volumes of urine than most people.

Interstitial cystitis most frequently affects women and can have a long-lasting impact by affecting their quality of life. Even though there’s no specific treatment for that consistently eliminates interstitial cystitis, other medications and therapies also available to get relief.


  • Bladder pressure and pain that gets bad as the bladder fills up.

  • Pain in the pelvic, lower tummy, lower back and urethra

  • In women, pain in the vagina, vulva or the area behind the vagina

  • For men, pain in the penis, testicles, scrotum or the area behind the scrotum

  • Need to pass pee often

  • The feeling that needs to pee right now, even right after you pass it.

  • For women, pain will cause during sex

  • For men, paining will cause during orgasm or after sex


Still now doctors not able to know exact causes of IC/BPS, but there were so many theories, like:

  • A imperfection in the bladder tissue, which may permit irritating substances in the urine to enter the bladder

  • A particular type of inflammatory cell, known as mast cell. This cell will discharges histamine and other chemicals this may lead to IC/BPS symptoms.

  • Vary in the nerve that carries bladder sensations so that pain is caused by events that are not usually painful.


Diagnostic tests that will help to rule out other diseases contain cystoscopy, urinalysis, urine culture, biopsy of bladder wall and urethra, and bladder distention under performing anesthesia.