Radical cystectomy was a surgical treatment which includes a procedure in which the bladder, nearby lymph nodes, a part of the urethra was been removed. Bladder cancer will tends to spread to other parts or areas of the body, and thereby the bladder & the surrounding organs were generally removed. The treatment was performed by a cut (incision in the lower belly). Sometimes it will be also performed as laparoscopic surgery. Some people call this surgery as “Band-Aid surgery,” because it requires only small cuts or incisions. To do this type of operation, lighted tube or scope & other surgical tools were used by the small cuts in your lower belly to visualize your organs with the help of scope.
Patient will perform this surgery under general anesthesia, an cut or incision was made into the lower abdomen.
Blood vessels which are leading to and from the bladder were ligated, & the bladder was also separated from the ureters, urethra and other tissues which are holding it in place. The bladder will then be removed.
The surgical method for radical cystectomy may differ in between male & female patients. In men, pelvic lymph nodes, the prostate and seminal vesicles were then removed with the bladder. In women ovaries, the uterus, fallopian tubes, pelvic lymph nodes and anterior (front) part of the vagina, were removed along with the bladder. If the surgery was being done as a treatment for cancer, the removal tissues can be examined for the existence of abnormal cells.